Rocks of the Cairngorms National Park

The spectacular Cairngorm mountains have not always looked like they do today........400 million years ago, long before the dinosaurs, they were part of a huge mountain range, even higher than the Alps. Those mountains stretched from North America to Norway and deep beneath them, molten rock slowly solidified into granite. Millions of years of erosion wore down the craggy peaks and now that granite forms the mountains of the Cairngorms National Park.

The National Park looked very different millions of years ago but the rocks are the same. Studying these rocks helps us to understand what the landscape looked like in the past and why it looks the way it does today.

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