Term name Description
ECNEnvironmental Change Network is the UK's long-term, integrated environmental monitoring and research programme. They gather information about the pressures on and responses to environmental change in physical, chemical and biological systems. It is supported by a consortium of fourteen sponsoring organisations and seven research organisations.
Ecological zoneAn extensive area, usually with a dominant vegetation, with associated plant and animal communities and their habitats. Also known as a biome. The zone of transition between zones is known as an ecotone
EcosystemThe living communities of an area together with their non–living environment, and the dynamics of the interactions
ErraticA period in the history of the Highlands and Islands associated with agricultural improvements at the end of the eighteenth century. The new landowners following the Jacobite rebellions wanted to rear sheep in large numbers. The existing tenants, already rearing cattle, were 'cleared out' to the coast, the new industrial cities or the New World. This was often forcefully implemented, by fire and fear, and there was no compensation
Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA)A UK–wide designation for agricultural purposes. Land managers have access to additional grant funding if their land falls within an ESA. The grants promote traditional, non–intensive farm practices
EskerAn Esker is a long, winding ridge of stratified sand and gravel, examples of which occur in glaciated and formerly glaciated regions of Scotland and Europe. They are often several miles in length and most are thought to have formed in ice-walled tunnels by the action of streams which flowed within and under glaciers. After the retaining ice walls melted the stream deposits remained as long winding ridges.
EUEuropean Union
EutrophicationThe process by which freshwater becomes over–rich with nutrients, either naturally or as a result of artificial pollutants, leading to an overabundant growth of vegetation, particularly algae