The habitats, plants and animals of the Cairngorms National Park are influenced by both biological (biotic) and physical (abiotic) factors. These influences are so inter-related that it is often difficult to distinguish between them.
Biotic (biological) factors
The biological factors affecting the nature and distribution of habitats and their plant and animal communities include soils and human activities.
Abiotic (physical) factors
The physical factors affecting the nature and distribution of habitats and their associated plants and animal communities include climate, geology, altitude, aspect, slope and drainage.