Wetland impacts & pressures

There are a number and variety of threats to rivers, lochs and other wetland habitats and their wildlife, which present specific challenges to those involved in their management – some are already being addressed.

There are six key pressures on wetlands and rivers in the Cairngorms National Park:
  1. land use changes;
  2. tourism and recreation;
  3. water quality and pollution;
  4. water uses;
  5. flood control;
  6. climate change.

Changes in land use have brought the biggest impacts and pressures, causing destruction or degradation of wetland and river habitats, in particular:
  • deforestation (over thousands of years);
  • moorland management (over 150 years);
  • land drainage (over 100 years);
  • conifer afforestation (over 50 years).