Wetland and rivers

The river systems, freshwater lochs, marshes and peat bogs of the Cairngorms National Park represent a major local resource – ecologically, economically and socially.

The high-quality freshwater – for natural heritage interest, scenic value, consumption and recreational use and employment – makes it perhaps as important a natural asset as the mountains themselves. This freshwater resource is also important for many reasons in a regional, national and international context.

The broad habitats listed and described in the Biodiversity in the Cairngorms – Assessment of Priority Habitats and Species include:
  • rivers and streams;
  • standing open water;
  • floodplain grazing marsh;
  • fen, carr, marsh, swamp and reedbed.

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