The vegetation quality of these moorland and grassland habitats is influenced strongly by grazing and burning pressures – particularly overgrazing by sheep and deer and poor muirburn management. Recreation and associated land management and construction are also responsible for direct visual impacts across the moorland slopes and on the success of certain species. Agricultural improvement and afforestation have had a larger impact in the past but are still potential pressures on these habitats.

There are six key pressures on moorland and grassland habitats:

  1. grazing impacts;
  2. burning impacts;
  3. recreation impacts;
  4. construction impacts;
  5. afforestation impacts;
  6. agricultural impacts.