Biodiversity Action Plans

At the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, world leaders agreed on a comprehensive strategy for "sustainable development" - meeting the needs of the current generation through economic development, while ensuring that we leave a healthy and viable world for future generations. One of the key agreements adopted at Rio was the Convention on Biological Diversity. This pact among the vast majority of the world's governments sets out commitments for maintaining the world's ecological underpinnings.

The Convention established three main goals:

  • The conservation of biological diversity
  • The sustainable use of its components
  • The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources.

The UK Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) is the response by the UK government to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which was signed in 1992.

The UK BAP describes the UK’s biological resources and presents a plan for the protection of these resources. There are currently 391 Species Action Plans and 45 Habitat Action Plans. Find out more on the National Biodiversity Network.

Local Biodiversity Action Plans (LBAPs) have been set up all over Britain as a way of stimulating effective local action for:

  1. National priorities – identified in the UK BAP
  2. Species and habitats which are particularly cherished or valued in local areas